An important conference on Red Sea security was convened in Washington last month. Over two days (April 15 and 16), scores of participants from some 20 countries and organizations discussed the security threats facing the two shores of this waterway, as well as the risks to international navigation. Political, defense and security officials and experts debated the responses and opportunities for cooperation to reverse recent gains by bad regional and transnational actors in the region. More than 10 percent of world trade crosses the Red Sea, which stretches between two important narrow passages and possible chokepoints for freedom of navigation: The Bab Al-Mandab Strait and the Suez Canal. About 300 million people live on its shores and have been trading for millennia, but they now face major challenges both regionally and internationally. (…)