Many scholars believe that the future is Asian. The Indian Ocean is an immense maritime space of great geopolitical and geoeconomic importance. It is a crossroad for sea trade that connects the advance economies of the East and the West. At the same time, there are also many factors that threaten its stability. These are often closely related to the international dynamics of the Asia-Pacific, to the point that the two areas can be considered a single reality. On its western part, the Indian Ocean touches the shores of the vast African continent. This creates a peculiar mix of opportunities and challenges for coastal states like South Africa, Mozambique, Madagascar, Tanzania and Kenya. They can easily reach important economic areas such as India, the Middle East, Europe and the Asia-Pacific.
Engaging in maritime trade with these regions could provide a major economic boost to these African states and improve the living conditions of their citizens. In addition, emerging powers, like China and India, are heavily spending in Africa to access its much-needed natural resources and exploit the opportunities for high investment returns. (…)