https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/For-lack-of-boats-illegal-fishing-keeps-flourishing/2560-5023258-kkd3crz/index.html

Africa’s Eastern seaboard countries lack vessels to patrol Indian Ocean waters to enforce maritime rules. The east coast of Africa from Somali to Mozambique scored 45 out of 100 in the ranking for maritime enforcement while the island states of Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoros and Mauritius collectively scored 50. The low enforcement scores are linked to lack of maritime domain awareness (MDA), which has a direct bearing on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.
The One Earth Future Secure Fisheries programme attributed this to the low number of vessels with the capacity to patrol exclusive economic zones.
Illegal fishing “This is troubling since MDA is vital to combating illegal fishing, fisheries-related conflict, creating maritime security and developing blue economy,” said Secure Fisheries senior programme manager Robert Mazurek. (…)